Chemical Grouting Projects

By applying unique solutions to increase the safety and longevity of our environment.

Sand Filter Joint Sealing

The Job

This sand filter joint sealing project is located in Richmond, Virginia. Two underground stormwater sand filters at an apartment community wouldn’t hold water. The structure is four, twenty foot sticks of ten foot diameter CMP. It had to hold water before the property could come off the bond. Previous repairs attempted included the installation of internal joint rings and seals, which did not stop enough flow to pass the water loss tests.

The Challenge

The proposed repair had to accommodate multiple layers of previous repairs. The joints included four different materials–aluminized metal, galvanized metal, neoprene, and polyethylene. The structures are in a bed of washed #57 stone, and subject to live flow.

The Solution

Sprayed high-density polyurethane/polyurea hybrid to seal the joints internally. In addition, chemical grouting for joints with internal bands and polyethylene seals. A fast set reaction kept the chemical from migrating into and fouling the stone bed. The spay application and encapsulates the original repair’s joint seals.

CJGeo’s large diameter pipe repair crew installed chemical grout to seal the leaking joints. Then, each joint was sprayed with a hybrid polyurea-polyurethane internal seal. Immediately after the sealing was performed, the structure held water and passed the water loss test. Neither structure leaked any water after CJGeo sealed the joints.

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Facing a similar challenge to this sand filter joint sealing project? Give us a shout or shoot us a text. Click the state marker for the location of your project for contact info for the appropriate rep.

Warehouse Floor Water Intrusion Repair

The Job

This warehouse floor water intrusion repair project is located in Columbua, South Carolina. An area of the floor inside of a produce processing facility experienced water intrusion through joints in the floor. Considerable amounts of process water were dumped on the floor each day, and unsealed joints in the floor allowed water to collect under the floor slab.

The floor was showing signs of slab curl from poor control of the curing process after placement. With dynamic loading from material handling equipment, water was pumping through the joint onto the floor. Due to the slab curl, the floor was effectively acting as a diaphragm pump. The facility’s health & safety staff was concerned that the water could introduce contaminants to the food processing area.

The Challenge

The proposed repair had to perform well in saturated conditions, allow for near immediate resumption of material handler equipment, and ensure a long-term fix. Since no settlement had occurred, the grout material had to be able to seal the very small voids, displace water, and not exert any lifting forces on the floor.

The material & process also had to be perform well at cold temperatures–the facility is at 34 degrees year-round.

The Solution

CJGeo proposed chemical grouting using a hydrophilic prepolymer grout. Chemical grouting is ideal for saturated environments and helps to ensure complete stabilization and sealing of floors.

A single CJGeo chemical grouting crew mobilized to the site and performed the slab foundation repair work in a few hours. The water intrusion grouting work started after the second shift. The grout set to tolerate material handling equipment before the start of the first shift.

The following day, the facility reported no water extrusion under material handler traffic.

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Facing a similar challenge to this warehouse floor water intrusion repair project? Give us a shout or shoot us a text. Click the state marker for the location of the project for contact info for the appropriate rep.

HDPE Pipe Joint Sealing


A large sinkhole opened up in the parking lot of a manufacturing facility. The sinkhole was adjacent to a cast-in-place stormwater drop inlet structure. The structure was 14VF deep and was fed and discharged by 54″ HDPE pipes, requiring HDPE pipe joint sealing.

Facility maintenance personnel had been monitoring the sinkhole and noted that it was growing rapidly. Inspection of the pipe revealed that there were joint failures at the first joint out from the manhole and deterioration of the parging. The parging between the HDPE and concrete pipe had failed to the point of significant amounts of soil washing out during rain events.


The repair could not disrupt traffic in the parking lot or other facility operations. It also had to provide a long-term solution to the failed pipe joints.

Along with gently filling the voids around the HDPE pipe without deflecting or damaging it, the repair material had to have enough expansive force to thoroughly seal the small cracks and leaks in the parging between the HDPE pipe and concrete structural walls.


Chemical grouting using both prepolymer chemical grouting and plural component polyurethane grouting.

Chemical grouting was chosen for injection through the joints of the HDPE pipe. Prepolymer chemical grouting uses single component polyurethane grouts with exceptionally long gel times. This virtually eliminates localized expansive pressure, which could further damage the HDPE pipe, which was already out of round.

The plural component structural foam was used for void filling the large sinkhole that extended from the bottom of the structure to the surface.

Prepolymer chemical grout was injected through the joints in the HDPE pipe. This successfully sealed the bell and spigot joints without causing further deflection of the pipes.

The large sinkhole void was grouting using plural component polyurethane grouting. Due to void size, CJGrout 20SDB is the best material due to its low exotherm. Structural foams are important in situations where there are very large voids in areas subject to traffic loading.

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Facing a similar challenge to this HDPE pipe joint sealing project? Give us a shout or shoot us a text. Click the state marker for the location of the project for contact info for the appropriate rep.

Dam Outfall Pipe Seep Grouting

Extensive seeps at the joint between the pipe and end wall.


This dam outfall pipe seep grouting is located in Fairfax, Virginia at Northern Virginia Community College. A 36″ RCP outfall pipe for a dam terminated at an end wall. As part of a dam rehabilitation, small seeping leaks at the end wall/pipe joint needed to be stopped. The leaks had to be stopped so the wall could be resurfaced.

The engineer specified chemical grouting.


Access to the area was quite difficult. It was more than 150 feet from the closest vehicle access, which was only accessible by 4×4 vehicles down a steep slope.

While unknown during the planning of the chemical grouting repair, what was thought to be 36″ RCP was actually a larger diameter RCP that had been lined with steel casing pipe. An interior poured-in-place concrete liner had been installed afterward.  


Super low viscosity prepolymer chemical grout was selected. This was for two reasons: 1) the ability to easily pump more than 150LF from the lay-down area. 2) the ability to seek out and stop leaks through very tight cracks in the structures.

Prepolymer chemical grouts are water-reactive, so can be injected into active water flows. The grout expands when it comes into contact with the water, which seals the leak.  

After chemical grouting of seeps.

The initial grouting plan was to install the chemical grout through the pipe wall starting beyond the first joint. However, because the pipe had been cased, placement had to be done through the end-wall structure only. Multiple injection holes were drilled through the end wall structure, and the chemical grout was pumped through the end-wall structure.  

Extensive catalyzation was used to first seal the leaks at the end wall and then chase the water flow pathways up along the outside of the pipe. The job was messy due to the forced proximity of the injection points and the leaks. But all the leaks were successfully stopped.

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Facing a similar challenge to this dam outfall pipe seep grouting project? Give us a shout or shoot us a text. Click the state marker for the location of the project for contact info for the appropriate rep.