Coal Pier Sinkhole Grouting

Norfolk, Virginia

The Job

With an annual throughput capacity of 48 million tons, Norfolk Southern’s Pier 6 at Lamberts Point in Norfolk, Virginia is one of the largest coal transloading facilities in the world.  As a round-the-clock facility built around precision logistics, there’s little tolerance for disruption or downtime.

The Challenge

When two sinkholes opened up at the end of Pier 6 adjacent to the bulkhead, railroad personnel reached out to an onsite maintenance contractor.  Steel plates were installed to provide temporary protection while a long term solution could be implemented.

The Solution

CJGeo performed DCP testing at the site in order to quantify the depth of voids below the pavement adjacent to the sinkholes.  The DCP testing showed that in addition to large voids visible from the sinkholes immediately below the pavement, there were large pockets of voids down to 15’ below the surface. 

CJGeo crews then used CJGrout 35NHV61, a hydroinsensitive, NSF-certified geotechnical polyurethane to fill all voids and restore stability to the area. The grouting work took five hours onsite to install 3400 pounds of material, with zero disruption to operations.

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